Oliver Cromwell, 25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658

Born at Huntingdon, went to Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, lived and farmed for a while at Saint Ives. MP for Huntingdon, and later for Cambridge, rose to prominence during the Civil War, eventually becoming a leader of those who tried and executed King Charles I, and suppressed episcopacy in the Church of England, making it a Presbyterian Church. Refusing to become King, he became head of state as Lord Protector – king in all but name – a position he was succeeded in by his son after his death. At the Restoration of King Charles II in 1660, his body was disinterred and treated as a traitor's.

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